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5 Axis CNC Machine Price and Machining Working Principles

5-axis CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machines represent the pinnacle of precision and efficiency in modern machining. These advanced machines are capable of moving a tool or a workpiece along five different axes simultaneously, allowing for the creation of complex and intricate parts that would be difficult or impossible to produce with traditional 3-axis or 4-axis machines.

This article explores the pricing of 5-axis CNC machines and delves into their working principles.

What is 5-Axis

What is 5-Axis?

5-axis refers to the capability of a CNC machine to move a part or tool along five different CNC axes simultaneously. Compared to a traditional 3-axis machining center, a 5-axis CNC machining center includes two additional rotational axes (A and B).

  1. 3-axis machining center: Moves parts in the X and Y directions and moves the tool up and down (Z).
  2. 5-axis machining center: In addition to the X, Y, and Z linear axes, it includes two rotational axes (A and B), allowing the cutting tool to approach the part from various directions.

5-axis technology is widely used in aerospace, automotive manufacturing, medical devices, and other fields requiring high precision and complex part machining. This 5-axis capability makes machining complex parts more efficient and accurate, being an essential technology in modern manufacturing.

How Does A 5 Axis CNC Machine Work?

A 5-axis CNC machine operates automatically with minimal human intervention, utilizing rotary cutting tools to shape materials placed on the machine platen. However, placing the material on the platen is the final phase in the 5-axis CNC machining process.

  1. CAD Design: The process begins with creating a CAD (Computer-Aided Design) model of the part.
  2. CAM Translation: The CAD model is then translated into CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) software, which generates CNC alphanumeric language or G-code.
  3. G-code Upload: The generated G-code is uploaded into the 5-axis CNC machine. This code is crucial as it instructs the machine on the toolpath and specifies the appropriate tools for machining.
  4. Automatic Operation: Once the G-code is loaded, the 5-axis CNC machine operates automatically. It uses rotary cutting tools to precisely cut and shape the material according to the programmed instructions.
  5. Toolpath Execution: The machine moves the cutting tools across five axes (X, Y, Z, A, and B) to access different sides of the material, allowing for complex and intricate machining operations.
  6. Final Machining: After completing the machining process, the finished part is removed from the platen.

What is the Use of 5-Axis CNC Machine?

A 5-axis CNC machine offers advanced capabilities for creating complex parts with high precision. It includes three linear axes (X, Y, and Z) and two rotational axes (A and B), allowing machinists to work on five faces of a workpiece in a single operation. The key uses of a 5-axis CNC machine include:

  1. Complex Geometry: Enables the machining of intricate and complex shapes that would be impossible or very difficult with 3-axis or 4-axis machines.
  2. Reduced Setup Time: Minimizes the need for multiple setups, as the workpiece can be accessed from different angles in one go, saving significant time.
  3. Improved Accuracy: Ensures higher precision and better surface finish by reducing the need for repositioning the workpiece.
  4. Efficiency: Increases overall production speed and efficiency, reducing manufacturing time and costs.
  5. Flexibility: Versatile for various applications across industries, including aerospace, automotive, medical devices, and more.

By utilizing 5-axis CNC machining, manufacturers can accelerate product development and bring products to market faster, enhancing competitiveness and innovation.

5 axis cnc machine

What is the Price of a 5-Axis CNC Machine?

The price of a 5-axis CNC machine varies widely based on factors such as brand reputation, machine specifications, and included features. Prices generally range from tens of thousands to several hundred thousand dollars. Higher precision, advanced features, and reputable brands typically command higher prices.

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of 5-Axis CNC Machining?

5-axis CNC machining is an important technology in modern manufacturing, with many advantages and some challenges. The following are the main advantages and disadvantages of 5-axis CNC machining:

Ability to machine complex shapesHigh cost
High precision and repeatabilityComplexity in programming
Efficient setup operationsRequires skilled operators
High-quality surface finishingHigh maintenance costs
High production efficiencyRequires more complex programming

What Parts Can a 5-Axis CNC Machine Process?

A 5-axis CNC machine can process a wide variety of complex and precise parts across different industries. Here are some examples of parts that can be machined using a 5-axis CNC machine:

  1. Aerospace Components: Turbine blades, engine parts, structural components.
  2. Automotive Parts: Cylinder heads, transmission components, suspension parts.
  3. Medical Devices: Implants, surgical instruments, prosthetics.
  4. Industrial Machinery Parts: Gears, shafts, molds.
  5. Consumer Electronics: Casings, frames, connectors.
5 axis cnc machining

What is the Difference Between 5-Axis and 3+2 Axis Machining?

5-axis and 3+2 axis machining are often confused, but they have distinct differences.

Aspect5-Axis Machining3+2 Axis Machining
MovementContinuous movement along five axes.3-axis movement with two rotational axes locked at a fixed angle.
SpeedGenerally faster as it doesn’t require stopping and starting.Slower due to frequent stops to adjust tool angles.
ComplexitySuitable for machining complex shapes and contours in a single setup.Suitable for simpler operations that don’t require continuous adjustment.
Tool OrientationDynamic and continuously adjusted during machining.Fixed at a predetermined angle for the duration of the operation.

Unlock Precision with BOYI 5-Axis Machining Services

Experience unparalleled precision and efficiency with BOYI advanced 5-axis machining services. Our state-of-the-art 5-axis CNC machines allow for the continuous movement of cutting tools along five axes, enabling us to create complex shapes and contours with exceptional accuracy.

Unlock the full potential of your projects with BOYI’s 5-axis machining services. Contact us today to learn more and get a quote!



What are the types of 5-axis CNC machines?

5-axis CNC machines come in several types tailored to different manufacturing needs:
1.Head to Head: Features rotary axes in the machine head, ideal for machining large parts with minimal tool interference.
2.Table to Head: Includes rotary axes in both the machine head and rotary table, offering flexibility in part rotation and machining.
3.Table to Table: Places both rotary axes on the rotary table, suitable for machining undercuts but with a smaller work envelope and slower speed.

Why use CNC for 5-axis machining?

Using CNC for 5-axis machining is beneficial because it allows the production of highly complex parts, saves manufacturing time and costs, improves product quality, and accelerates time to market. A 5-axis CNC machine, with its three linear axes and two rotational axes, can machine up to five faces of a workpiece in a single operation, ensuring efficient and precise machining.

What does the “5” in 5-axis represent?

The “5” in 5-axis represents the two additional axes beyond the traditional X, Y, and Z axes. Specifically, the 4th axis is the A-axis, which rotates around the X-axis, and the 5th axis is the B-axis, which rotates around the Y-axis.

Catalog: CNC Machining Guide

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