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CNC Machine Price Guide: How Much Does a CNC Machine Cost?

In the realm of modern manufacturing, CNC machine have become indispensable key equipment. Whether it’s metal processing, plastic machining, or other intricate manufacturing processes, CNC machine, through high-precision automated processing, have elevated production efficiency and reduced labor costs for manufacturers. However, for enterprises and individuals looking to invest in CNC machine , a critical question often arises: price. How much capital is required for a CNC machine? This article will delve into a guide on CNC machineprices, providing you with a clear understanding to assist you in making informed decisions in the complex market.

CNC machine

CNC machine: Overview

CNC machine , short for computer numerical control machine, refer to automated machines equipped with a program control system. This control system can logically process programs specified by control codes or other symbolic instructions, decode them into coded numerical representations, and input them to the CNC device through information carriers. Through computational processing, the CNC device generates various control signals that govern the actions of the machine tool. It automatically processes components according to the required shapes and dimensions on the drawings.

Do you know? There are many different types of metal CNC machine, including but not limited to:

1.CNC Lathe

2.CNC Milling Machine

4.CNC Boring Machine

5.CNC Drilling Machine

6.CNC Grinding Machine

7.CNC Laser Cutting Machine

8.CNC Plasma Cutting Machine

9.CNC Water Jet Cutting Machine

10.CNC Electrical Discharge Machining

How much does a CNC machine cost?

There are a wide variety of CNC machine tools, including milling machines, lathes, drilling machines, grinding machines, and other types. Different types of machine tools have differences in design, structure, function, and processing capabilities, so prices also vary.

How much does a CNC machine cost

CNC machine price

The following is a categorized CNC machine price list.

CNC Machine TypePrice Range
CNC Milling Machines
Entry-level desktop CNC milling machine$150-$500
Hobbyist CNC milling machine$1,000-$3,000
Entry-level 3-axis milling machine$50,000-$100,000
Production 3-axis CNC milling machine$100,000-$500,000
Production 5-axis CNC milling machineExceeds $500,000
CNC Laser Cutting Machines
Hobbyist CO2 laser cutting machine$1,000-$3,000
Industrial high-definition plasma cutter$40,000-$120,000
Industrial fiber laser cutter$100,000-$500,000+
CNC Plasma Cutting Machines
Hobbyist/small business plasma table$1,000-$5,000
CNC Lathes
Entry-level CNC lathe$10,000-$50,000
Production CNC lathe$50,000-$200,000+
CNC Boring Machines
Entry-level CNC boring machine$50,000-$150,000
Production CNC boring machine$150,000-$500,000+
CNC Drilling Machines
Entry-level CNC drilling machine$30,000-$100,000
Production CNC drilling machine$100,000-$300,000+
CNC Grinding Machines
Entry-level CNC grinding machine$50,000-$150,000
Production CNC grinding machine$150,000-$500,000+
CNC Waterjet Cutting Machines
Hobbyist CNC waterjet cutting machine$30,000-$100,000
Industrial CNC waterjet cutting machine$100,000-$500,000+
CNC EDM Machines
Entry-level CNC EDM machine$30,000-$100,000
Production CNC EDM machine$100,000-$300,000+

The price of CNC machine is affected by many factors, including the model, specification, function, brand, configuration and so on. At the same time, prices may vary by region. You can also directly contact the CNC machine manufacturer or local professional distributor for consultation.

Trusted CNC machine manufacturer:

DMG Mori

Haas Automation


Okuma Corporation

FANUC Corporation

Hermle AG

Factors influencing CNC machine costs

As mentioned earlier, each type of CNC machine has a different pricing range. But what factors will affect these pricing ranges? Below, we will introduce the factors that affect the cost of CNC machine.

1.Specifications and configurations

The configuration of CNC machine tools helps determine the level of operations they can perform and the production capacity they can meet. The specifications of CNC machine tools include spindle power and speed, clamping devices, dust removal efficiency, Z-axis travel, limit switches, ball screws, guide rails, and lubrication systems. Therefore, CNC machines with higher specifications will have a higher price.

2.Additional features

The inclusion of screw tap drill heads, tool holders, cutting tools, and other accessories necessary for screw tap drill will affect the overall cost of the CNC machine. Higher quality or specialized tooling may incur additional expenses.However, features such as automatic tool changing, automatic measurement, automatic compensation, and others contribute to the overall cost of CNC machine tools.

Factors influencing CNC machine costs

3.CNC machine materials

The materials integrated into CNC machine tools are also a factor influencing their cost, playing a crucial role in the overall efficiency of the setup. They serve as indicators of gantry rigidity, lifespan, and accuracy. Several types of CNC materials are used in the construction process, including steel, aluminum, brass, plastic, fiberglass, polypropylene, and wood. The final smoothness and precision of the produced items depend on the CNC material. If the target product requires extensive impact-resistant processing, heavier materials, such as composite materials, must be chosen. On the other hand, lightweight materials may be preferred for tasks like carving, engraving, or signage production.

Materials Guide

4.CNC machine size

The impact of the worktable size on the cost of CNC machine tools is primarily reflected in manufacturing complexity, applicability, and long-term operational costs. Larger worktables require more materials and involve more intricate processes, along with the need for a robust machine frame and drive systems, leading to increased manufacturing costs. Additionally, larger CNC machine tools may incur higher maintenance and operational costs. Conversely, smaller worktables may be more suitable for small-scale production or prototype manufacturing, contributing to cost reduction.

5.Late-stage maintenance and upgrades

The larger the production output of CNC machine tools, the higher the wear and tear rate. As manufacturers typically provide a one-year warranty along with the purchase cost, this means that any replacement or repair of damaged components within the first year is fully covered by the manufacturer. However, after the warranty period expires, maintenance costs are borne by the buyer. CNC setups are not random machines; therefore, the costs of parts and maintenance entail additional expenses, significantly increasing the overall cost of CNC machine tools.

How to choose the right CNC machine for your needs?

Choosing the right CNC machine tool for your needs involves considering multiple factors. Here are some key considerations:

1.Model selection

Ensuring that the selected equipment meets the processing requirements, opting for simpler machine models entails lower risks. For example, when machining axial parts, both turning machining centers and CNC lathes can handle the task. However, a turning machining center with the same processing specifications may cost several times more than a CNC lathe. If there are no further process requirements, choosing a CNC lathe is a cost-effective and low-risk option.

Similarly, between economical and regular CNC lathes, it is advisable to choose an economical CNC lathe whenever possible.

For machining box structures, cavities, and mold components, both CNC milling machines and machining centers with the same specifications can meet basic processing requirements. However, the price difference between these two types of machines is approximately half (excluding ancillary costs such as air supply and tool magazines). Therefore, in mold machining, choosing a machining center is only justified in processes where tool changes are very frequent. For scenarios requiring the continuous milling with a fixed tool for an extended period, opting for a CNC milling machine is more economically viable.

Currently, many machining centers use CNC milling machines. Parts that can be processed by CNC lathes can usually be handled by regular lathes. However, CNC milling machines can process parts that most regular milling machines cannot. Therefore, in comprehensive machining enterprises with both axial parts and box-like components, prioritizing the selection of CNC milling machines is a prudent decision.

2.CNC system selection

When purchasing CNC machine tools, machines of the same model can often be configured with various CNC systems. These systems exhibit significant differences in performance, directly impacting equipment prices. The market currently offers a multitude of CNC systems, including Japanese FANUC, German SINUMERIK, Japanese MITSUBISHI, French NUM, Italian FIDIA, Spanish FAGOR, American A-B, and others.

In selecting a CNC system, it is crucial not to solely pursue high levels or the latest systems. The primary goal should be to meet the core performance requirements of the machine tool. A comprehensive analysis is necessary, considering factors such as system performance, price, etc., to choose the most suitable system. Additionally, there is a trend to gradually reduce the selection of CNC systems with traditional closed architectures or PC-embedded NC structures because these systems are constrained by the system suppliers in terms of functionality expansion, modification, and maintenance.

It is recommended to choose open CNC systems that adopt an NC-embedded PC structure or SOFT structure whenever possible. In such systems, CNC software is entirely installed on the computer, and the hardware component involves standardized universal interfaces between the computer, servo drives, and external I/O. Similar to installing various brands of sound cards, graphics cards, and their respective drivers on a computer, users can, on the WINDOWS NT platform, utilize an open CNC kernel to develop the required functions, forming various types of CNC systems. Such a choice contributes to more flexible adaptation to specific machining needs.

3.CNC machine specification selection

The primary specifications of CNC machine tools include the travel range of the CNC axes and the power of the spindle motor. The three basic linear coordinate travels (X, Y, Z) reflect the machining space allowed by the machine tool, while in lathes, two coordinates (X, Z) reflect the size of the allowed rotating body.

Generally, the contour dimensions of the workpiece should fall within the machining space of the machine tool. For example, if a typical workpiece is a 450mm × 450mm × 450mm box, then selecting a CNC machining center with a worktable size of 500mm × 500mm would be appropriate. Additionally, to account for the space required for fixture installation, opting for a slightly larger worktable might be advisable.

Many CNC machine tools now use high-power DC or AC variable-speed motors directly connected to the spindle, or even adopt an electric spindle structure. This structure may face torque limitations in low-speed cutting, meaning that variable-speed motors might experience a decrease in power output at low speeds. To ensure stable cutting performance at low speeds, high-power motors are necessary. This choice helps maintain stable cutting performance under different process requirements. Therefore, when selecting CNC machine specifications, in addition to considering the size of the machining space, the choice of spindle motor power is crucial, especially for applications requiring high torque output at low-speed cutting.

What are the common uses of CNC machine?

CNC machine can efficiently complete various complex and precise machining tasks, improving product quality and production efficiency. Widely used in parts processing in industries such as machinery, automobiles, aviation, ships, electronics, etc.

cnc parts

Here are some specific examples of parts manufactured using CNC machine:

1.Propeller blades

2.Engine cylinder block

3.Brake system parts

4.Titanium alloy bone screws

5.Plastic injection mold parts

6.Propeller shafts

Reduce costs through BoYi CNC machining services

For large enterprises, investing in and purchasing CNC machine represents an economically significant strategic decision. However, for many small and medium-sized enterprises or those in the early stages of development, outsourcing production projects to specialized manufacturers like Boyi may be more cost-effective and efficient. Outsourcing manufacturing allows companies to focus on their core business without the need to invest substantial funds in purchasing and maintaining expensive CNC machine equipment, thereby reducing the initial investment us today.


In summary, when purchasing CNC machine tools, in addition to considering price factors, attention should also be paid to the quality, performance, after-sales service, and other aspects of the machine tool performance. Taking into account various factors, choose the CNC machine tool that best suits your needs. Or find experts like Boyi to outsource your CNC machining project.


Why is CNC expensive?

CNC machining is expensive mainly due to high initial machine costs, advanced technology requirements, skilled labor, quality materials, and ongoing maintenance expenses.

How much does CNC machining cost in China?

The cost of CNC machining in China can vary based on factors such as the complexity of the project, materials used, quantity of parts, and the precision required. Generally, CNC machining costs in China can be more competitive than in many other countries due to lower labor costs.

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